You must have seen or heard of that stunning state-of-the-art laboratory with gleaming microscopes, gene splicers, computers, neat stacks of microfilms, slides, test tubes and petri dishes; where scientists and technicians work on their separate consoles as machines whir softly in the background. That is exactly the kind of environment a career in biotechnology will bring you.
But of course, Biotechnology is not just about scientists and technicians walking around in pristine and clean lab coats – it is about working with nature to influence improvements. For example, developing the best agricultural crop, creating the most effective vaccine for a disease, breeding a high-yielding bovine, evolving the best technology to process food, and other such activities are a result of biotechnology.
While this sounds new, biotechnological innovations have actually been around for many more years than you think. From a cup of piping hot coffee to a bar of smooth chocolate, each food product has a 100+ year history of biotechnological experimentation over hundreds of years. In fact, most of your meals are products of the implementation of bio techniques by scientists and farmers alike.
Simply put, biotechnology combines the two field: biology and technology. It includes a wide spectrum of sciences such as genomics, applied immunology, microbiology, and the development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests.
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